Manor and Hide: The Manorial Roots of European Social Structures

in Why Europe

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780226532530
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226532387 | DOI:
Manor and Hide: The Manorial Roots of European Social Structures

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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This chapter discusses the emergence of the manorial and hide systems in the same time and at the same place as the agrarian revolution of the early Middle Ages. The “classic form of the manorial system,” which emerged during the Carolingian period in the heartland of the Frankish Empire, is referred to by French scholars as the domaine bipartite (the bipartite estate). German-language research prefers a concept from the language of its sources, Villikationsverfassung (from Latin villicatio). The so-called hide system (Hufenverfassung) was developed within the framework of manorialization, and connected early medieval manorialism in the Frankish Empire with later forms derived from it: Bannherrschaft, Rentengrundherrschaft, and Gutsherrschaft. The two concepts domaine bipartite and Villikationsverfassung draw attention to certain phenomena in the medieval agricultural system that were to become central to some developments unique to European society.

Keywords: medieval Europe; manorial system; hide system; agrarian revolution; Frankish Empire; agricultural system

Chapter.  13125 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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