Chapter

The Crusades and Protocolonialism: The Roots of European Expansionism

in Why Europe

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780226532530
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226532387 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226532387.003.0006
The Crusades and Protocolonialism: The Roots of European Expansionism

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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This chapter focuses on two early medieval developments that have been foregrounded ever more conspicuously in the scholarship on European territorial expansion outside the continent: the Crusades; and early expressions of the Italian maritime republics' colonial policy, called “protocolonialism.” They produced two completely different influences crucial for European expansionism: religiously motivated military action; and a profit-driven economic policy. Their origins must be treated separately, but the interplay of these influences in the ebb and flow of history generated similar causative factors in European expansionism.

Keywords: medieval Europe; territorial expansion; Italian maritime republics; colonial policy; military action; economic policy

Chapter.  16146 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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