Chapter

The Supplemental Security Income Program

Mary C. Daly and Richard V. Burkhauser

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780226533568
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226533575 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0003
The Supplemental Security Income Program

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Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a nationwide federal assistance program for aged, blind, and disabled individuals with low incomes. The SSI program was enacted in 1972 and began paying benefits in 1974. Since that time, SSI has grown to become the largest federal means-tested cash assistance program in the United States, with a caseload dominated by children and working-age adults with disabilities. This chapter provides the basic information necessary for SSI policymakers to make informed choices about its future, and is organized as follows. Section 2.2 reviews the program's history and describes the structure and evolution of SSI program rules. Section 2.3 provides expenditure, caseload, and program recipient statistics. Section 2.4 summarizes the primary economic issues related to the SSI program. Section 2.5 reviews the empirical evidence regarding these issues, and Section 2.6 summarizes the findings.

Keywords: federal assistance program; SSI program; disabled; cash assistance program

Chapter.  24982 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Economics

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