Chapter

The Population Genetics of the Amboseli and Kilimanjaro Elephants

Elizabeth A. Archie, Courtney L. Fitzpatrick, Cynthia J. Moss and Susan C. Alberts

in The Amboseli Elephants

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780226542232
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226542263 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226542263.003.0004
The Population Genetics of the Amboseli and Kilimanjaro Elephants

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The Amboseli population provides one of the best opportunities to understand how mating and dispersal behavior, long-term patterns of gene flow, and effective population size work together to structure genetic variation within and between populations. Amboseli has been relatively unaffected by the anthropogenic problems of poaching and habitat destruction, and much is known about the demography and behavior of the population over the duration of the project. This chapter first briefly reviews what is known about the genetic structure within populations, with a focus on the elephant population in the Amboseli ecosystem, and second, investigates how the genetic variation in Amboseli relates to the phylogeography of elephant populations on Kilimanjaro and the rest of the African continent.

Keywords: Amboseli population; gene flow; mating; population size; Amboseli ecosystem; genetic structure; phylogeography; elephant populations

Chapter.  6393 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology

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