Chapter

“Economic development is but a means”: The War on Poverty and Local Economic Planning

in The Problem of Jobs

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780226560120
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226560144 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226560144.003.0004
“Economic development is but a means”: The War on Poverty and Local Economic Planning

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This chapter focuses on the launch of the local economic planning program and the War on Poverty to address employment problems in Philadelphia in the 1950s. It explains that federal anti-poverty groups assumed that in a high-growth macroeconomic environment, job training could reduce poverty by improving individual skills and changing behavioral characteristics without addressing the structure of the economy. The chapter also highlights the Opportunities Industrialization Centers' rejection of the central premise of postwar manpower policy and expanded its reach to include questions of economic structure and security. It also explains some of the reasons behind the failure of both programs.

Keywords: economic planning; War on Poverty; employment problems; Philadelphia; job training; Opportunities Industrialization Center; economic structure; economic security

Chapter.  10825 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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