“We are going to protest <i>and</i> prepare”: Civil Rights and the Origins of OIC

in The Problem of Jobs

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780226560120
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226560144 | DOI:
“We are going to protest and prepare”: Civil Rights and the Origins of OIC

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This chapter focuses on the origins of the Opportunities Industrialization Centers (OIC) in Philadelphia and its connection with the civil rights movement. The OIC assembled its core administrative staff in November 1963 and established a newly renovated training center in an old police station in January 1964. The chapter discusses the works of Leon Sullivan related to selective patronage and civil rights. It argues that the establishment of the OIC coincided not only with the crest of the civil rights movement, but also with the emergence of a reinvigorated national commitment to confronting poverty and a new interest in neighborhood-level social and political action.

Keywords: Opportunities Industrialization Centers; Philadelphia; civil rights movement; Leon Sullivan; poverty; social action; political action

Chapter.  9063 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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