Chapter

“All 200 million of us are going to make it”: The Rise of OIC

in The Problem of Jobs

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780226560120
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226560144 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226560144.003.0006
“All 200 million of us are going to make it”: The Rise of OIC

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This chapter discusses the growth of the Opportunities Industrialization Centers (OIC) in the 1960s. The OIC developed an innovative approach to job training and also proved adept at negotiating the treacherous politics of race at both the local and national levels. This made the organization a major recipient of federal anti-poverty funds, receiving a total of $14,465,832 in federal grants from 1964 to 1970. The chapter also highlights the success of the OIC in reformulating midcentury liberalism by simultaneously embracing both federal support and an ideology of self-reliance. The development of the OIC showed that the War on Poverty had the greatest positive effect when it focused on concrete dimensions of the problem of jobs and provided direct, categorical funding for pragmatic, community-based programs.

Keywords: Opportunities Industrialization Centers; job training; politics of race; anti-poverty funds; midcentury liberalism; self-reliance; War on Poverty; community-based programs

Chapter.  16667 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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