Chapter

The Philadelphia Plan: Affirmative Action and the Problem of Jobs

in The Problem of Jobs

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780226560120
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226560144 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226560144.003.0008
The Philadelphia Plan: Affirmative Action and the Problem of Jobs

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This chapter discusses the history of affirmative action and the Philadelphia Plan launched in the 1960s to address unemployment problems in Philadelphia. It suggests that the Philadelphia Plan provided a crucial starting point in the national development of affirmative action and reshaped liberal politics and policy in Philadelphia itself, in relation to the specific policy questions posed by the problem of jobs. The chapter also argues that the Philadelphia Plan, or affirmative action more generally, did not by itself bring the triumph of conservatism, but did exacerbate preexisting fractures, disaffect key liberal constituencies, and took its place as one of a number of events that widened preexisting cracks in the New Deal coalition.

Keywords: affirmative action; Philadelphia Plan; Philadelphia; unemployment problems; liberal politics; conservatism; New Deal coalition

Chapter.  15256 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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