Chapter

The “Living Community” in the Classroom

in Modern Nature

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9780226610894
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226610924 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226610924.003.0005
The “Living Community” in the Classroom

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This chapter investigates the transfer of the community concept into the setting of school reform via the curriculum proposed by Friedrich Junge and its reception within the communities of primary and middle school teachers. It tries to demonstrate how the biological community concept shaded over easily into lessons about human community, Heimat, and expectations for good citizenship in the new German nation. Junge published Natural History in the Primary School: The Village Pond as a Living Community. His curriculum became a major vehicle by which the biological perspective spread out into the German population. His program also circulated with lightning speed through the ranks of schoolteachers in the 1880s. The Lebensgemeinschaft concept presented a naturalized parallel and reinforcement of the idea of “Heimat.” It reinforced the naturalness of the Heimat concept because it was taught as embodying a set of relationships rooted in nature.

Keywords: school reform; Friedrich Junge; biological community; Heimat; The Village Pond; curriculum; Lebensgemeinschaft

Chapter.  15146 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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