Chapter

Practices I: Integration

in The Microsoft Case: Antitrust, High Technology, and Consumer Welfare

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780226644639
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226644653 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226644653.003.0004
Practices I: Integration

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This chapter examines the courts' treatment of Microsoft's integration of the browser and the operating system. It determines three levels of integration: simple bundling of the browser and the operating system; preventing users and original equipment manufacturers from removing visible means of access to the browser; and commingling the code that provides the browser and the operating system's interface. The courts' approaches to the issue of integration evolved during the course of the litigation. Microsoft emphasized a number of benefits of its integration of the browser and the operating system. The courts concluded that Microsoft's efforts to prevent removal of access to the browser or the browser code itself were anticompetitive because they harmed Netscape by limiting its usage share without providing obvious benefits to consumers. Microsoft asserted efficiency justifications for most of its challenged acts, many of which the courts rejected.

Keywords: integration; Microsoft; browser; operating system; Netscape; courts; litigation

Chapter.  21396 words. 

Subjects: Company and Commercial Law

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