Chapter

Sociopolitical Sources of Demographic Divergence

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780226645254
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226645278 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0002
Sociopolitical Sources of Demographic Divergence

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The thesis of this study—that the influence of cohort size and female work on demographic outcomes varies across nations and time periods with different institutional environments—implies the existence of both sociopolitical and demographic variation across the otherwise relatively homogenous high-income nations. This chapter considers the evidence of this variation. It first describes national differences in institutional strategies of political decision making and public policies that may affect the influence of cohort size on fertility and mortality. Next, it examines national differences in institutional strategies of promoting gender equality through public policy that may affect the influence of female work on fertility and mortality. Having identified the sociopolitical sources of divergence, it then describes differences across nations in fertility and mortality. The existence of national divergence in fertility and mortality may at least potentially correspond to divergence in institutions of social protection and gender equality. Finally, the chapter constructs scales that measure national differences in institutions of social protection and gender equality, and that may shape the influence of cohort size and female work on divergence in fertility and mortality.

Keywords: cohort size; female work; high-income nations; fertility; mortality; gender equality; social protection

Chapter.  9730 words. 

Subjects: Population and Demography

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