Chapter

Contextual Variation in the Determinants of Fertility

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780226645254
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226645278 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0003
Contextual Variation in the Determinants of Fertility

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This chapter further develops the theoretical arguments specifying divergence in the effects of cohort change and female work on fertility rates. Viewed as a facilitating or inhibiting influence, the sociopolitical context may alter the cohort size-fertility relationship and the female work-fertility relationship. Collectivist and women-friendly institutions, as defined and measured in Chapter 2, serve as the primary contextual characteristics that shape the processes determining fertility rates. Although not direct and obvious, the influence of these institutions, in combination with demographic and economic conditions, may generate national differences in demographic outcomes. The chapter is organized as follows. The first section focuses on the contingent influence of relative cohort size, and the second section concentrates on the contingent influence of female work.

Keywords: cohort size; female work; fertility rates; size-fertility relationship

Chapter.  8666 words. 

Subjects: Population and Demography

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