Chapter

Relative Cohort Size and the Total Fertility Rate

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780226645254
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226645278 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0004
Relative Cohort Size and the Total Fertility Rate

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Having presented theoretical arguments concerning the interactive relationships among cohort size, collectivism, and fertility, this chapter tests these arguments using the total fertility rate. It first describes cross-national and temporal patterns of the total fertility rate and then examines the determinants of those patterns. It shows that the small average relationship between relative cohort size and fertility varies substantially across nations, years, and levels of female labor force participation, which lends support to the basic thesis that institutional environments for social protection shape the meaning and consequences of relative cohort size for fertility. To make sense of the sometimes complex models, the chapter summarizes the implications of the statistical interactions by comparing coefficients across nations, time periods, and levels of female labor force participation. It reviews both the findings and the support they give to the theoretical claims of heterogeneity in relationships across sociopolitical contexts.

Keywords: cohort size; collectivism; fertility rates; female labor force participation; social protection; institutional environments

Chapter.  6778 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Population and Demography

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