Female Labor Force Participation and the Total Fertility Rate

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780226645254
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226645278 | DOI:
Female Labor Force Participation and the Total Fertility Rate

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This chapter examines how female labor force participation combines with sociopolitical context in determining the total fertility rate. It begins by describing the relationship between female labor force participation and fertility across all time periods and nations. It then describes differences in the relationship across early and more recent years, across nations with individualist and collectivist institutions, and across nations with traditional and women-friendly institutions. It also examines how the relationship of female labor force participation and fertility changes as female work increases and modifies the context of fertility decision making. Even with controls for other economic determinants of fertility, such as national product, social security spending, unemployment, and family allowance spending, the effects of female work vary in ways predicted by the theoretical arguments and demonstrate the importance of institutional context in shaping the determinants of fertility.

Keywords: female work; fertility rates; sociopolitical context; institutional environments

Chapter.  7375 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Population and Demography

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