Chapter

Conclusion

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780226645254
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226645278 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0012
Conclusion

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This concluding chapter summarizes the findings of the study. The book's quantitative study of eighteen high-income democracies during the post-World War II period demonstrates that the effects of cohort change and female work on fertility, suicide and homicide mortality, and sex differences in suicide and homicide mortality vary across contexts or institutional environments. The importance of the institutional or sociopolitical context in shaping the relationship between demographic causes and outcomes shows not in invariant relationships but in relationships that vary in predictable ways. Thus, the effects of both relative cohort size and female labor force participation rates on aspects of both fertility and mortality emerge stronger in individualist than in collectivist nations, in earlier postwar decades than in more recent decades, in gender inegalitarian contexts than in gender egalitarian contexts, at younger ages than at older ages, and among men than among women.

Keywords: cohort change; female work; fertility; suicide; homicide; mortality; sex differences

Chapter.  2524 words. 

Subjects: Population and Demography

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