Chapter

The Stratigraphic Framework

Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

in Stratigraphic Paleobiology

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780226649375
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226649399 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.003.0003
The Stratigraphic Framework

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This chapter characterizes the physical stratigraphic framework in which paleobiological patterns are studied. The principles underlying sequence stratigraphy have proven their worth through their ability to predict the structure of the stratigraphic record and to enable high-resolution correlations confirmed by more traditional methods, such as biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, and magnetostratigraphy. Sequence stratigraphy is useful for understanding changes in facies through time and laterally through a sedimentary basin. Depositional sequences are relatively conformable successions of strata but differ from parasequences in that the bounding surfaces are subaerial unconformities and their correlative surfaces. Hence, sequence stratigraphy provides a powerful time-environment framework for stratigraphic paleobiology.

Keywords: sedimentary basin; sequence stratigraphy; facies; taphonomy; high-resolution correlations; structure

Chapter.  7343 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Palaeontology

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