Chapter

Explaining Feminization

in Women's Work?

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print April 2001 | ISBN: 9780226660394
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226660417 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226660417.003.0005
Explaining Feminization

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This chapter discusses the factors that led to the triumph of feminization in teaching everywhere in America. For example, during the Civil War, women entered teaching to an unprecedented extent, and when the conflict ended men returned to the classroom, but not to the same degree as prior to the war. Thus the Civil War was a “shock” that had permanent consequences for the gender composition of teaching. And then, during the late nineteenth century, a variety of conditions led to the more universal diffusion of the desire to capture the benefits of female teachers—that is, lower salary costs and the perceived advantages of women's nature in this sort of work.

Keywords: feminization; teaching; Civil War; female teachers; salary costs; gender composition

Chapter.  10863 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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