Muscular Democracy

in Uncivil Rights

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780226660714
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226660738 | DOI:
Muscular Democracy

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  • Educational Strategies and Policy


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This chapter explains the start of the race progress efforts of teachers in 1942 and the ways in which other union policies regarding schools and race were influenced by these efforts. The aftermarth of World War II pressurized city teachers into making efforts to address racism in schools. Bibliographies and other materials for teaching black history were created by the Teachers Union and it also petitioned for a black resident to be appointed to the Board of Education. The Teachers Guild emphasized the need for an improvement of vocational education for black students. Both unions developed relationships with Harlem organizations to press the Board of Education to reduce class sizes, hire more teachers, and adopt plans to integrate Harlem schools. The teachers considered their job quality or job satisfaction to be in conflict with teaching minority students.

Keywords: teachers; union policies; schools; race; racism; Teachers Union; Teachers Guild; Harlem; Board of Education

Chapter.  16188 words. 

Subjects: Educational Strategies and Policy

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