1944: Constitutional Injustice

in A Community Built on Words

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9780226677231
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226677224 | DOI:
1944: Constitutional Injustice

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At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor that brought the United States into World War II, three federal agencies—the FBI, the Office of Naval Intelligence, and Army Intelligence—were engaged in surveillance of, and investigation into the loyalty of, residents of the United States who were of Japanese origin or descent. These investigations focused on Japanese Americans living on the West Coast and in Hawaii, but did not differentiate between citizens and resident aliens. As a result of their work, the agencies were “confident that they had identified all potential subversives,” and within three weeks of Pearl Harbor, the majority of these suspects had been arrested. “With the completion of these arrests, the FBI and the Justice Department were satisfied that Japanese-Americans no longer posed any threat to national security.”

Keywords: Pearl Harbor; arrests; federal agencies; Japanese-Americans; national security; resident aliens; West Coast

Chapter.  2517 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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