Chapter

Creating a New Order

in Robert Clifton Weaver and the American City

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780226684482
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226684505 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226684505.003.0005
Creating a New Order

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The federal government gave African Americans some reason for cheer despite the discrimination that continued to affect their lives. In the National Urban League journal Opportunity, Weaver made the case for the Roosevelt administration in the article “The New Deal and the Negro: A Look at the Facts.” He reminded readers of the economic hardships facing African Americans when FDR took office, and he described the numerous benefits that the New Deal had already provided. Weaver also remained a leader in the continually controversial but expanding field of public housing. First in the Interior Department and then in the newly created U.S. Housing Authority, Weaver struggled to protect the interests of blacks in the initiative. As the federal government's support for publicly owned shelter was institutionalized, Weaver worked to see that the program provided employment for black construction and professional workers and to ensure that black families received a substantial share of the housing produced, while at the same time promoting racial integration. Weaver's efforts were successful in the area of employment and also in the creation of a small number of experimental ventures in integration. However, opposition to these efforts, as well as to public housing in general, remained strong, so powerful, in fact, that Weaver's promotion of integration would imperil the program and ultimately cost him his job.

Keywords: African Americans; New Deal; Franklin Roosevelt; Robert C. Weaver; blacks; housing program; public housing; racial integration; employment

Chapter.  9592 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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