Chapter

Turning the telescope to the Sun: Thomas Harriot and Johannes and David Fabricius

in On Sunspots

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780226707150
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226707174 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226707174.003.0003
Turning the telescope to the Sun: Thomas Harriot and Johannes and David Fabricius

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This chapter focuses on telescopic sunspot observations in Europe. It suggests that the scientific study of spots on the Sun by European astronomers began in 1611 after the invention of the telescope. This chapter describes the works of Thomas Harriot and Johannes and David Fabricius who were all influenced by Galileo Galilei and Christoph Scheiner. It explains that these astronomers separated the study of sunspots from transits of Mercury and Venus, which were pursued with great profit in separate research programs made possible by the telescope.

Keywords: sunspot observations; telescope; European astronomers; Thomas Harriot; Johannes Fabricius; David Fabricius; Galileo Galilei; Christoph Scheiner; transit of Venus; transit of Mercury

Chapter.  4403 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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