Chapter

An Arctic Divided

in The Coldest Crucible

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780226721842
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226721873 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226721873.003.0004
An Arctic Divided

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This chapter focuses on the Arctic expeditions led by Isaac Hayes and Charles Hall, both of which were plagued by mishaps and misfortunes, capped off by the death of Hall and the disintegration of his expedition in 1871. Hayes succeeded in gaining support by demonstrating his fluency in and fidelity to the issues that were important to men of science. Hall found success with popular audiences for much the same reason, connecting his expedition to the issues that were of proven interest to them. By connecting his Franklin mission to white middle-class interest in savagery and captivity stories, he overcame the handicap of the lack of experience. As he competed with Hayes to lead an expedition to the North Pole, Hall was able to frame his Arctic experience as a form of scientific “self-culture.” However, Hayes and Hall were unable to unite different groups in support of their expeditions.

Keywords: Arctic expeditions; Isaac Hayes; Charles Hall; Dr. John Rae

Chapter.  12214 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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