Chapter

Introduction

in Parité!

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780226741079
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226741093 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226741093.003.0001
Introduction

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France today is in the throes of a crisis that began in the last decades of the twentieth century. It is a crisis defined through the rhetoric of universalism—a universalism taken to be uniquely French and therefore a defining trait of the system of republican democracy, its most enduring value, and its most precious political asset. This chapter introduces a book that discusses one of the movements which offered a challenge to the French representative democracy in the 1990s by demanding a recognition of difference. The mouvement pour la parité was a feminist movement that sought to refigure the terms of the French universalism to increase the numbers of women in elective office. The partial realization of that goal came with the law of June 6, 2000, which now requires that half of all candidates for almost all political offices be women. The “parité law” was unprecedented in France and, indeed, throughout the world.

Keywords: France; republican democracy; feminist movement; French universalism; parité

Chapter.  4063 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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