The Rejection of Quotas

in Parité!

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780226741079
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226741093 | DOI:
The Rejection of Quotas

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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This chapter discusses the rejection of quotas during the mouvement pour la parité in France. During the 1970s and 1980s, as part of the general feminist ferment of the period, continuous pressure was exerted by women activists to gain more leadership roles within the parties and to widen access to elective office. Initially, attention to the condition of women and, especially, attempts to increase women's participation in politics, came under the banner of “modernity.” The idea that establishing either voluntary or mandatory quotas would correct discrimination against women was first adopted by the Socialist Party in 1974. Quotas were also among the recommendations for affirmative action that came from the United Nations Decade for Women conference in 1975. Special temporary measures, which could include quotas, were also specified in the UN International Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) that France ratified in 1983.

Keywords: parité; Socialist Party; CEDAW; Decade for Women

Chapter.  7039 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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