Chapter

The Campaign for Parité

in Parité!

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780226741079
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226741093 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226741093.003.0005
The Campaign for Parité

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The popularity of parité in France was the result of a sustained feminist campaign against injustice and for equality. This was not a movement aimed at establishing a coherent female identity; what commonality there was came from the experience of discrimination. This was evident both in the form the parité movement took—a loosely coordinated network of established women's associations, with little in common beyond a critique of the existing system of representation—and in the minimal nature of its demand: parité meant nothing more than “perfect equality.” Perfect equality was about fairness in access to decision making; it was not an endorsement of an essentialist vision of sexual difference. There were, to be sure, essentialist traps inherent in the dilemma of difference, but the actual movement managed to minimize them in its heyday.

Keywords: parité; female identity; essentialist; sexual difference

Chapter.  11436 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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