Chapter

Conclusion

in Parité!

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780226741079
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226741093 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226741093.003.0008
Conclusion

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There was considerable distance between the original conception of parité and the law that was passed in its name. The paritaristes wanted to make the difference of sex susceptible to abstraction as a way of insisting that women, like men, were individuals. Maintaining the distinction between anatomical duality and sexual difference proved extremely difficult because references to abstract sexed bodies could not be fully detached from the concrete social and historical meanings attributed to them. In addition, the theoretical ground for parité was preempted during the debates over the Pacte civil de solidarité (PaCS). In the hands of Sylviane Agacinski, abstraction was abandoned and the heterosexual couple was substituted for the abstract individual as the universal unit of political representation. The constitutional reforms of 1999 and the law implementing them in June 2000 reflected her reasoning.

Keywords: parité; paritaristes; anatomical duality; sexual difference; PaCS; Sylviane Agacinski

Chapter.  2240 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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