Modern European Ethnoschematization and the Vienna-St. Petersburg Axis

in Mapping Europe's Borderlands

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780226744254
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226744278 | DOI:
Modern European Ethnoschematization and the Vienna-St. Petersburg Axis

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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This chapter examines the formation of various modes of civilizing discourse and modern ethnoschematization through maps, not only as pragmatic tools of governance but also as fantasies of empire and a kitchen industry for opportunistic empire preservers of plural backgrounds. Charged with the modern social-scientific process of marking collectives and explaining their behavior rationally, East Central European cartographers and civil servants made careers on the enterprise of sorting by confession and language. Between the post-1848 alliances and tensions of empires and nations, their efforts justified imperial policy (and often multiple policies) from above, and from below framed the sought-after moral high ground of emancipator ethnonationalizing enterprises, translated into a collectivist, territorial, and thus modern geopolitical idiom.

Keywords: maps; mapping; cartographers; empire; imperial policy

Chapter.  10424 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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