Chapter

The Resource Basis of Human-Wildlife Interaction

Han Olff and J. Grant C. Hopcraft

in Serengeti III

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780226760339
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226760353 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226760353.003.0004
The Resource Basis of Human-Wildlife Interaction

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This chapter analyzes how current human population density and land use respond to environmental gradients, with an emphasis on rainfall and soil fertility, and compares this to the responses of large resident herbivores. It identifies historic shifts that led to intensified human land use in East Africa, identifying three distinct phases: hunter-gatherer, agripastoralist, and modern commercialized societies. These three historic phases of human land use are analogous to current main land use systems in the Serengeti–Mara ecosystem: (1) parks for wildlife and ecotourism; (2) protected multiple-use areas where people and wildlife coexist; and (3) the rural/village areas, with agricultural and livestock systems managed by a variety of more or less formal land tenure systems. This sets the scene for a discussion of the resource basis of human-wildlife interactions in savannas, from which we can learn to manage these interactions better in the future.

Keywords: human population density; land use; rainfall; soil fertility; herbivores; East Africa; hunter-gatherer; ecotourism; wildlife; savannas

Chapter.  12694 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

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