Who Pays for Conservation? Current and Future Financing Scenarios for the Serengeti Ecosystem

Simon Thirgood, Charles Mlingwa, Emmanuel Gereta, Victor Runyoro, Rob Malpas, Karen Laurenson and Markus Borner

in Serengeti III

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780226760339
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226760353 | DOI:
Who Pays for Conservation? Current and Future Financing Scenarios for the Serengeti Ecosystem

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This chapter focuses on the financial structure supporting conservation activities in the Tanzania sector of the Serengeti ecosystem. It starts with an introduction to the management authorities responsible for the different components of the protected-area network that together comprise the Tanzanian Serengeti. It then gives a detailed budget breakdown of revenues and expenditures for the national park and surrounding protected areas for the period 1998–2002, to assess whether financial returns from tourism and other forms of wildlife utilization are sufficient to finance conservation in the Tanzanian sector of the ecosystem, or whether external financial support is required. It also assesses the financial returns to local communities resident in the multiple-use buffer areas adjacent to the core protected areas from both consumptive and nonconsumptive use of wildlife. Finally, the chapter attempts to predict how conservation activities in the different components of the Tanzanian Serengeti might be financed in the coming decade and how this may impact local communities.

Keywords: Tanzania; conservation; protected areas; national park; local communities

Chapter.  10527 words. 

Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

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