Chapter

Mill's Radicalization of Induction

in Reforming Philosophy

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780226767338
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226767352 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226767352.003.0004
Mill's Radicalization of Induction

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This chapter discusses the reforms Mill proposed in science to counter the view of Whewell. It shows that his overriding desire was to expel the intuitionist philosophy from its “stronghold” in physical science and mathematics, because he saw this as being the crucial precondition for reforming moral and political philosophy. The intuitionist epistemology led to political and social conservatism, Mill believed, by reassuring people that what they believed deeply must be true and necessary. Indeed, intuitionism allowed “every inveterate belief and every intense feeling” to be “its own all-sufficient voucher and justification.” If he could demonstrate that knowledge of physical science and even mathematics did not require any a priori axioms, Mill hoped, then he would have proved the superfluity of a priori elements in morality and political philosophy. It is because of this that Mill developed an ultra-empiricist, phenomenalist epistemology, and rejected necessity in mathematics and causal relations. He thus “radicalized” induction. The chapter also discusses Mill's “final and most elaborate protest against the Intuitionist school,” his Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy (1865).

Keywords: intuitionist philosophy; physical science; social conservatism; John Stuart Mill; causal relations; induction

Chapter.  30218 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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