The dispute between the Philharmonic and its landlord was about who would control orchestral music in New York City, how that music would be organized, and how it would be presented to the public. There was new perspective on the growing presence of orchestral music in mid-nineteenth-century America, its increasing marketability, and the changing preferences of American audiences in entertainment and music. Bernard Ullman, one of the most successful musical managers in the United States, negotiated a multiyear lease for the Academy of Music, lasting until September 1861, with an option to renew. He tried to force the Philharmonic Society out of his theater so he could develop his own orchestral performances free of direct competition. Moreover, Ullman's creative negotiations in regulating Alfred Musard and his monster orchestra revealed that there were as many different kinds of orchestra as one could imagine.
Keywords: Bernard Ullman; Philharmonic Society; New York City; orchestral music; entertainment; Academy of Music; Alfred Musard; theater
Chapter. 9170 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: American Music
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