Chapter

Paternalism and the Social Control of Adolescent Girls: Juvenile Justice Reform in Canada

in Justice for Girls?

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780226770048
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226770062 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226770062.003.0004
Paternalism and the Social Control of Adolescent Girls: Juvenile Justice Reform in Canada

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In 1894, the federal government of Canada legislated its first separate juvenile court. In the latter part of the nineteenth century, separate courts were beginning to be developed in the country. Another focus was on reforming youths who committed criminal offenses and perhaps an early articulation of status offenders, although this covered only girls under 13 and boys under 12 in Ontario. The most well-known and comprehensive legislation — designed to bring youths in youth court not only for federal (criminal) offenses, but also for violation of provincial and municipal by-laws — was passed in 1908. This was the Juvenile Delinquents Act. Youth justice reforms were more seriously entertained by the government during the 1960s and 1970s. This chapter discusses juvenile justice reform in Canada aimed at preventing delinquency among adolescent girls. It looks at various laws passed to achieve this objective, including the Young Offenders Act (1984–2003) and the Youth Criminal Justice Act (2002). It also, compares legislative developments related to youth justice in Canada and the United States.

Keywords: Canada; girls; legislation; youth justice; Juvenile Delinquents Act; United States; delinquency; Young Offenders Act; Youth Criminal Justice Act; juvenile justice reform

Chapter.  10223 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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