Chapter

The National Compromise in the Bukovina 1909/1910⋆

in From Vienna to Chicago and Back

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780226776361
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226776385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226776385.003.0008
The National Compromise in the Bukovina 1909/1910⋆

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This chapter reviews the National Compromise (“Ausgleich”) in the Bukovina in the years 1909/1910. The compromise meant that the politics of the province, the voting public, the provincial parliament and the autonomous provincial administration were based on a balanced representation among the ethnic groups living in the Bukovina. The National Compromise in the Bukovina as agreed to in 1909 was actually the work of three politicians: the Young Ruthenian Baron Nikolaj Wassilko; the founder of the Romanian Democratic Party Aurel von Onciul; and the founder of the National Jewish Party Benno Straucher. The national Jewish deputy Straucher protested passionately against the fact that a separate Jewish electorate had not been recognized. The electoral system of the National Compromise in the Bukovina must have been the most complicated in all of Europe. The Bukovina diet grew considerably as a result of the reform, i.e., from 31 to 63 members.

Keywords: National Compromise; Bukovina; Nikolaj Wassilko; Aurel von Onciul; Benno Straucher; electoral system

Chapter.  5185 words. 

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