Chapter

Max Diamant and Jewish Diaspora Nationalism in the Bukovina⋆

in From Vienna to Chicago and Back

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780226776361
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226776385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226776385.003.0009
Max Diamant and Jewish Diaspora Nationalism in the Bukovina⋆

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This chapter presents a discussion on Jewish diaspora nationalism in the Bukovina. Czernowitz became a significant center of Jewish diaspora nationalism. Nathan Birnbaum was the principal organizer of the first Yiddish Language Conference in Czernowitz. Max Diamant, originally a Zionist, became increasingly attracted by galut nationalism and the cause of the Yiddish language. He authored a legal treatise on municipal law and municipal electoral regulations in the Bukovina. He decided to submit the by-laws of the proposed Jewish theater association not in German or another of the languages officially recognized in the Bukovina, but in Yiddish and in Yiddish orthography. In addition, he emphasized religion as the central unifying cultural characteristic of the Jews of the East. The arguments put forward by Diamant, particularly his speech before the Imperial Court in Vienna, deserve wider recognition as an outstanding document of galut nationalism and a resounding defense of the Yiddish language.

Keywords: Jewish diaspora nationalism; Bukovina; Max Diamant; Czernowitz; Nathan Birnbaum; galut nationalism; Yiddish orthography; religion; Yiddish language

Chapter.  6551 words. 

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