Chapter

The Age of Emancipation and Assimilation: Liberalism and Its Heritage⋆

in From Vienna to Chicago and Back

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780226776361
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226776385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226776385.003.0010
The Age of Emancipation and Assimilation: Liberalism and Its Heritage⋆

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This chapter describes the age of emancipation and assimilation. It specifically addresses the questions of Jewish assimilation in the Hungarian half of the Dual Monarchy. The Fundamental Law on the General Rights of the Citizens originated in an initiative by the Parliament in Vienna. The great significance of Adolf Jellinek is also considered. Higher education and conversion, or at least of leaving the Jewish community, were products of emancipation and assimilation. Moreover, the Staatsgrundgesetz on the General Rights of Citizens of 1867 is explained. The fundamental laws of the 1867 constitution, with the Staatsgrundgesetz on the General Rights of Citizens in the center, remained for the Jews of Austria the most precious piece of Austria's legislation protecting the rights of the Jewish Citizens. The present Austrian constitution had taken over the principles of the Constitution of the Monarchy of 1867.

Keywords: emancipation; Jewish assimilation; Dual Monarchy; Vienna; Adolf Jellinek; higher education; Jewish community; General Rights of Citizens; Austria; Austrian constitution

Chapter.  8808 words. 

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