The Origins of Austrian Neutrality⋆

in From Vienna to Chicago and Back

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780226776361
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226776385 | DOI:
The Origins of Austrian Neutrality⋆

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This chapter reviews the major developments which led to the recovery of Austrians full sovereignty after World War II by virtue of the State Treaty of May, 1955, and notably to the enactment of Austria's permanent neutrality by constitutional law on 26 October of that year. The various options or contingencies that were conceivable as Austria emerged from the Second World War, liberated from Nazi rule by the USSR, the USA, Great Britain and France are described. The Austrians were aware of Western skepticism about neutrality. The Soviet leadership's reconciliation with Josip Tito's Yugoslavia followed the Austrian settlement very closely. Austria was to serve as bait for German public opinion to be impressed with the advantages of not belonging to a power bloc. In 1955, the Soviet Union launched a worldwide initiative toward attracting non-aligned Third World countries.

Keywords: neutrality; Austria; Second World War; USSR; USA; Great Britain; France; Austrian settlement; constitutional law

Chapter.  10473 words. 

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