Chapter

The Cameralist and the Ironworks

in The Disordered Police State

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780226870205
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226870229 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226870229.003.0004
The Cameralist and the Ironworks

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Johann von Justi violated almost all of his own well-known cameralist principles. Justi's chemical writings had demonstrated his systematic knowledge about steel and ironplate, but another major work, the System des Finanzwesens, appeared just as he settled in the Neumark to establish his ironplate and steel works. The System des Finanzwesens attacked the revenue farming as despotic, and was filled with attacks on French-style revenue collectors. The Finanzwesen could have become a real embarrassment for Justi. For him, true cameralists had to be forged in the crucible of systematic, scientific knowledge. Justi's losing battle with the forest administration spelled trouble. Despite all of Justi's “improvements,” the quality of the cast iron was worse than ever, lease payments had dwindled, and the forests around Vietz had been devastated. His spectacular failure in the Neumark probably had more impact on the Prussian mining administration than his writings did.

Keywords: Johann von Justi; cameralist principles; steel; ironplate; System des Finanzwesens; Neumark; cast iron; Prussian mining

Chapter.  13252 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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