Chapter

Useless Sciences, Fashionable Sciences

in The Disordered Police State

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780226870205
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226870229 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226870229.003.0005
Useless Sciences, Fashionable Sciences

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The plan that Johann von Justi had first imagined twenty years earlier in Göttingen achieved its full realization in Lautern. Though Justi had imagined an independent faculty of oeconomic and cameral sciences two decades earlier, the blueprint for Lautern was Daniel Gottfried Schreber's 1763 plan for an “academy of oeconomic sciences.” Like Schreber, Friedrich Casimir Medicus believed that professors of the cameral sciences ought to be skilled, practicing cameralists. For ambitious professors like Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling, the cameral sciences became the vehicle through which the prestige and power of governance suffused the natural sciences. The success of the Lautern's linen and calico manufactory had very little to do with the scientific efforts of the Physical-OEconomic Society or the learned professors at the cameral academy. With the move to Heidelberg, state officials hoped that the “Lautern system” could reinvigorate their backward university.

Keywords: Johann von Justi; Göttingen; Lautern; cameral sciences; Daniel Gottfried Schreber; Friedrich Casimir Medicus; Heidelberg

Chapter.  9737 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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