Two Centuries of Changes in Grassland Bird Populations and Their Habitats in Wisconsin

David W. Sample and Michael J. Mossman

in The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780226871714
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226871745 | DOI:
Two Centuries of Changes in Grassland Bird Populations and Their Habitats in Wisconsin

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Changes in Wisconsin's grasslands have had huge impacts on grassland bird populations. As the original native grassland habitats were altered or destroyed, bird species adapted, exploited newly created agricultural habitats, shifted to other available habitats, or disappeared. This chapter attempts to tell this story of change and adaptation, of loss and gain, and see what it forecasts for us and the grassland birds. The story is told in four parts. The first regards the “recent presettlement” era of about 1700–1850, prior to the major changes wrought by Euro–Americans. The second period is the first century after settlement, 1850–1950. The third period spans 1950 to the present. Finally, the future of grasslands and grassland birds in Wisconsin is considered, noting conservation needs based on projected trends and lessons from the past.

Keywords: grassland birds; grassland habitats; habitat; settlements; grasslands

Chapter.  10259 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

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