Chapter

Birth of a Juvesnile Court

Geoff K. Ward

in The Black Child-Savers

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780226873169
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226873190 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226873190.003.0004
Birth of a Juvesnile Court

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In the Progressive Era South, Reconstruction gave way to the rise of white supremacist redemption, subjecting black youths and communities to more explicitly neglectful, exploitative, and violent forms of Jim Crow juvenile justice. North and South, growing juvenile court communities embraced the racial project of white citizen and state building, prioritizing white youth opportunity and community interests in their pursuit of rehabilitative ideals. The institutionalization of separate and unequal juvenile justice throughout the United States, not a new multiracial democracy, was the Progressive Era legacy of juvenile justice reform in the African American experience. This chapter examines how Progressive Era black youths and communities experienced the emergence of the juvenile court, an encounter dramatized by mass black migration to urban centers where modern juvenile courts emerged.

Keywords: juvenile court; American juvenile justice; American democracy; Jim Crow; black youth; black community; civil rights; Progressive Era South; African American

Chapter.  10429 words. 

Subjects: Race and Ethnicity

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