Chapter

Separate Suburbanization in the South, 1940–1960

in Places of Their Own

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780226896410
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226896267 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226896267.003.0008
Separate Suburbanization in the South, 1940–1960

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As part of African American history, separate suburbanization illustrates the growing assertiveness of black communities on the eve of the civil rights movement, as well as the persistence of traditional strategies of “home sphere” politics and community building throughout the era. The struggle over “Negro expansion” in Dallas had its roots in the social and economic transformation wrought by World War II. With the coming of war, aeronautics firms such as Lockheed, North American Aviation, and Southern Aircraft built giant airplane factories on the periphery of the city, creating thousands of well-paying defense jobs and sparking a surge of regional migration to the city. In the first two years of the war, as many as 25,000 families migrated to Dallas. Struggle to achieve desegregation and to improve black communities, rather than being contradictory impulses, were complementary aspects of the same regional movement for black equality and empowerment.

Keywords: African American history; home sphere; Negro expansion; Dallas; black equality

Chapter.  16714 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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