Chapter

Aging and Death under a Dollar a Day

Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo

in Research Findings in the Economics of Aging

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780226903064
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226903088 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226903088.003.0008
Aging and Death under a Dollar a Day

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This chapter considers this relationship among those with extremely low incomes around the world. The research compares the consumption patterns and mortality outcomes of the very poor (living on less than one dollar per day), the poor (less than two dollars per day) and the somewhat less poor (two to four dollars per day, or six to ten dollars per day). The chapter also emphasizes the implications of relative poverty for mortality. Based on multiple pieces of evidence, the results all point in the same direction: the poor, and particularly the very poor, have a lower chance of survival than those who are somewhat better off. The proxy measure of longevity used in the study is the probability that an adult's mother and father are alive. The mother of someone who is not poor is more likely to be alive than the mother of someone who is poor. Using panel data for Indonesia and Vietnam, it is seen that older adults are more likely to have died five years later if they are poor.

Keywords: age; death; dollar; low income; poor

Chapter.  14372 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economics

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