Area Differences in Utilization of Medical Care and Mortality among U.S. Elderly

Victor R. Fuchs, Mark McClellan and Jonathan Skinner

in Perspectives on the Economics of Aging

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2004 | ISBN: 9780226903057
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226903286 | DOI:
Area Differences in Utilization of Medical Care and Mortality among U.S. Elderly

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This chapter has two main sections: utilization and mortality. In most markets, an interest in expenditures would require attention to prices as well as quantities, but given universal insurance coverage through Medicare, utilization is a natural subject for discussion. Mortality is only one of many possible measures of health, but there are several reasons to concentrate on it. First, mortality is by far the most objective measure. Second, it is, for most people, the most important health outcome. Third, it is probably significantly correlated with morbidity because most deaths are preceded by illness. The chapter focuses on whites, aged 65–84, or more specifically, those people not identified as African-American. Moreover, preliminary research by Donald Nichols suggests that the relationship between those other variables and utilization and mortality may be significantly different for blacks than for whites.

Keywords: utilization; mortality; universal insurance; Medicare; health outcome; morbidity; whites; Donald Nichols; blacks

Chapter.  17669 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economics

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