This chapter reviews the environmental framework of the sea and its relation to major biodiversity patterns, and focuses on some of the leading hypotheses proposed to explain those relationships. The major biotic patterns are global or regional, and it is plausible to relate them to global or regional patterns of ecological parameters in the marine environment. Most hypotheses of major biodiversity patterns involve temperature, environmental heterogeneity, trophic resources, and biotic interactions. The chapter deals with such factors as they are distributed in larger environmental partitions, at levels from oceanic to subprovincial, in which correlates of local and regional diversities for distinctive faunal elements and ecological settings are examined in much more detail by workers with expertise in those systems.
Keywords: environmental framework; biodiversity; marine biodiversity; taxa; latitudinal diversity; gradient; sea
Chapter. 10624 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases
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