Macroecological Patterns Among Marine Fishes

Enrique Macpherson, Philip A. Hastings and D. Ross Robertson

in Marine Macroecology

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226904115
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226904146 | DOI:
Macroecological Patterns Among Marine Fishes

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This chapter reviews current knowledge about patterns in the distribution and diversity of marine fish species in the context of the enormous spatial and temporal variation that results from oceanographic variability. This chapter also discusses processes commonly implicated in controlling the distribution and regional diversity of marine fishes. Broader study of the genetics of putative species, especially widespread coral reef species and open-ocean species may reveal significantly greater cryptic species diversity. In addition, recent analysis indicates no decline in the rate of morphospecies descriptions of tropical shore-fishes in recent decades. The chapter is also couched within the prevailing concept of species. Broader application of a phylogenetic species concept, recently advocated for coral-reef fishes, would result in an increase in overall species diversity and a concomitant decrease in average species range.

Keywords: marine environments; regional diversity; macroecological; marine fish; coral-reef fishes

Chapter.  12795 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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