Temperature and Marine Macroecology

Andrew Clarke

in Marine Macroecology

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226904115
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226904146 | DOI:
Temperature and Marine Macroecology

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Temperature is one of the most important physical factors affecting organisms. Temperature, typically combined with other environmental factors such as climate, has long been regarded as a key factor regulating the diversity of organisms, and from the time of the earliest naturalists the perceived favorableness of climate has been regarded as a key factor in determining how many and what kinds of organisms could live in a given place. Although many of these ideas were developed for the terrestrial realm, they have frequently been extended to the sea. Marine environments have many environmental features in common with the terrestrial realm, including movement, light, photoperiod, and temperature, but there are also some more specifically aquatic factors such as nutrient concentration and salinity. Most attention in this chapter, however, has been directed at temperature.

Keywords: temperature; organism; surface waters; hemispheres; global pattern; marine macroecology

Chapter.  11586 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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