Chapter

Macroecological Changes in Exploited Marine Systems

Derek P. Tittensor, Boris Worm and Ransom A. Myers

in Marine Macroecology

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226904115
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226904146 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0012
Macroecological Changes in Exploited Marine Systems

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The oceans have been used as an important source of food and materials for much of human history and prehistory, and until relatively recently were viewed as inexhaustible. Fishing has an effect at many levels in addition to that of the population and the species. Life-history changes, habitat alteration, and changes in community structure may also result, and these can all lead to detectable changes in the macroecology of the marine environment. This chapter takes a broad view of macroecology as being the effect of local and small-scale processes upon large-scale patterns in the marine environment, and the analysis and utilization of these large-scale statistical patterns to infer ecological change from local to global scales. The new tools and analytical processes that a macroecological viewpoint provides enable us to view the interactions and synergies between biological and ecological processes in multiple dimensions.

Keywords: macroecology; ecosystem; biodiversity; marine species; marine system; ocean

Chapter.  10567 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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