Book

The First Wall Street

Robert E. Wright

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780226910260
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226910291 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226910291.001.0001
The First Wall Street

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When Americans think of investment and finance, they think of Wall Street—though this was not always the case. During the dawn of the Republic, Philadelphia was the center of American finance. The first stock exchange in the nation was founded there in 1790, and around it the bustling thoroughfare known as Chestnut Street was home to the nation's most powerful financial institutions. This book recounts the history of Chestnut Street and its forgotten role in the birth of American finance. Philadelphia, known for its cultivation of liberty and freedom, blossomed into a financial epicenter during the nation's colonial period. The continent's most prodigious minds and talented financiers flocked to Philly in droves, and by the eve of the Revolution, the Quaker City was the most financially sophisticated region in North America. This book reveals how the city played a leading role in the financing of the American Revolution and emerged from that titanic struggle with not just the wealth it forged in the crucible of war, but an invaluable amount of human capital as well. This capital helped make Philadelphia home to the Bank of the United States, the U.S. Mint, an active securities exchange, and several banks and insurance companies—all clustered in or around Chestnut Street. But as the decades passed, financial institutions were lured to New York, and by the late 1820s only the powerful Second Bank of the United States upheld Philadelphia's financial stature. But when Andrew Jackson vetoed its charter, he sealed the fate of Chestnut Street forever.

Keywords: Wall Street; Chestnut Street; Philadelphia; American finance; American Revolution; U.S. Mint; securities exchange

Book.  218 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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Table of Contents

Colonial Precedents in The First Wall Street

Chapter

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Money, Money, Money in The First Wall Street

Chapter

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Hamilton's Vision in The First Wall Street

Chapter

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Hazardous Voyages in The First Wall Street

Chapter

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Transportation Elation in The First Wall Street

Chapter

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Philadelphia's Finest in The First Wall Street

Chapter

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Wall Street Ascendant in The First Wall Street

Chapter

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