Chapter

Wall Street Ascendant

in The First Wall Street

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780226910260
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226910291 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226910291.003.0010
Wall Street Ascendant

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This chapter discusses how Philadelphia's finest passed to eternity and how, as its trade fled to New York, Baltimore, and New Orleans, Chestnut Street's lifeblood—deposits—also began to dry up. Increasingly, Americans had credits in, or had to make payments to, Manhattan, not the Quaker metropolis. Therefore, the nation's banks, which numbered nearly four hundred by 1830, kept their big deposit balances in Wall Street, not Chestnut Street, institutions. Manhattan's banks lent those deposits to New York's merchants, giving them a further advantage over Philadelphia's merchants. Moreover, they lent them—overnight with strong collateral—to securities brokers, dealers, stockjobbers, and anyone else who wanted to play in the securities markets. Therefore, New York's stock market was soon awash in liquidity (a good thing for investors) and hence attracted yet more investment funds.

Keywords: Wall Street; deposits; banks; investment funds; liquidity

Chapter.  7508 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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