Accounting for Schengen: Cultures of Border Control and Their Evolution

in Cultures of Border Control

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780226977867
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226977881 | DOI:
Accounting for Schengen: Cultures of Border Control and Their Evolution

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This chapter reviews the main tenets of the three cultures of border control that define the European case (“Westphalia,” “Schengen,” and “Brussels”). It also discusses the concept of “cultural evolution” by offering the main mechanisms—variation and selection—accounting for the emergence of Schengen as a new dominant culture of border control in Europe. It describes some methodological issues that this work raises, particularly the operationalization of the concepts of culture and cultural evolution. Members of the border control community can belong to several communities at the same time, and “move” from one to the other according to the circumstances. “Schengen” referred to the intergovernmental initiative that resulted in the creation of the Schengen regime, while “Brussels” considered the parallel project developed in the context of the European Union. The final stage of the cultural process pertained to the mechanism allowing a newly selected culture to persist over time.

Keywords: Westphalia; Schengen; Brussels; cultural variation; cultural selection; Europe; border control; European Union

Chapter.  9223 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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